Step 1: Start with Phonics
Did you know that teaching ABCs is old school? Believe it or not, it is actually more important to teach phonics rather than ABCs.
Okay, so what are phonics? Great question! Phonics are simply the sound a letter makes.
Example: The letter a makes the sound /ah/ as in /ah/pple (apple).
...But, don’t you need to teach ABCs to spell?
Yes, you do. However! The ABCs can actually be taught alongside phonics.
Try It: Sing with your child and point to the letter: A is for apple, /ah/, /ah/, /ah/pple. B is for bear, /buh/, /buh/, /buh/ear
The difference is, in school, teachers used to explicitly teach ABC's and would forget about phonics. Or teachers would teach ABCs first then phonics. Teaching them at the same time or teaching phonics first is a much better strategy for reading.
Step 2: Teach CVC Words
Once your child has had exposure to phonics and feels comfortable with most of the sounds, move into applying sounds to reading words. The best words to start with are called 'CVC words'. CVC stands for 'consonant-vowel-consonant'. Unlike longer English words, CVC can always be sounded out using phonics, making it a great way to build your child’s confidence with reading. CVC Words: Cat, Dog, Bob, Hug, Dot, Hat, Rat.
BOB Books (www.bobbooks.com) are a must! These books have CVC words that build with each book your child reads. These books also include simple, yet effective drawings that connect characters to their names. Mat is a round circular man and Sam is a triangular shaped man.
Step 3: Teach Spelling Patterns
What is a spelling pattern? Spelling Patterns are 2 letters that when combined, make a particular sound. Consonant sounds are: ch, sh, th, wh, ck, ph, ng. Vowel sounds are ai, ay, au, aw, ee, ea, ei, ie, oo, ou, oo, ow, oe, ue, ey, oy, oi. Once your child has mastered his/ her phonics, reading CVC words, and learning their spelling patterns, they are well prepared to begin reading short books.
Step 4: Practice Makes Perfect
At this point in time, your child will be reading easy-to-moderate words independently. Learning moderate-to-hard words in English typically comes with exposure. We call most of these words "sight words". Sight words are lists of words that people read just by their consistency in our natural world. Usually, but not always, sight words don’t follow typical phonics and spelling sounds. Some examples are the, of, two, who. So it is better to just expose your child to these words as they come up in books. Continue practicing reading daily for at least 15 minutes and you will find your child will develop a love for reading and a large vocabulary. #PROUDMOM
How has your experience been teaching reading so far? Be sure to check out my Free Educational Resources page for helpful information on all topics! 💪🏼🦸🏼♀️